ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR BREEDERS OF ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIELS

The following paragraphs give details of the Ethical Guidelines agreed by the eight UK English Springer Spaniel Breed Clubs for:

1. ESS BREEDERS USING THE DNA TEST FOR FUCOSIDOSIS

2. ESS BREEDERS USING THE DNA TEST FOR PRA CORD 1 MUTATION
3. ESS BREEDERS USING CLINICAL & DNA TESTS FOR INHERITED EYE DISEASES

1. ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR ESS BREEDERS USING THE DNA TEST FOR FUCOSIDOSIS

· Owners should ensure that all currently used Stud Dogs and Brood Bitches are DNA tested for
    Fucosidosis, or are the product of two DNA tested Clear parents (i.e. ‘hereditarily clear').
· Animal Health Trust DNA Test Application Forms (or those of any other organisations carrying out
  the DNA test) should be signed by breeders/owners, giving permission for the results of their dogs'
  DNA tests to be passed to the Kennel Club for publication and inclusion on Registration
  documents, in accordance with the approved KC Breed Scheme for Fucosidosis.
· Owners of Stud Dogs should check that Brood Bitches brought to them have been DNA tested or
  are the product of two DNA tested Clear or DNA ‘hereditarily' Clear parents.
· Owners of Brood Bitches should check that the Stud Dog they intend to use has been DNA tested
  or is the product of two DNA tested Clear or DNA ‘hereditarily' Clear parents.
· Stud Dog and Brood Bitch owners should disclose to each other if either has been DNA tested as
  a  Carrier.
· A known Carrier should never be mated to another known Carrier.
· In cases where a Carrier is mated to a Clear, all resulting progeny should be DNA tested prior to
  being re-homed.
· New owners should be informed of the genetic status of their dog.

2. ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR ESS BREEDERS USING THE DNA TEST FOR PRA CORD 1

  MUTATION

. Owners should ensure that all currently used Stud Dogs and Brood Bitches are DNA tested for the
  PRA   Cord 1 mutation, or are the product of two DNA tested Clear parents (i.e. ‘hereditarily
  clear').
. Animal Health Trust DNA Test Application Forms (or those of any other organisations carrying out
  the DNA test) should be signed by breeders/owners, giving permission for the results of their dogs'
  DNA tests to be passed to the Kennel Club for publication and inclusion on Registration
  documents, in accordance with the approved KC Breed Scheme for PRA Cord 1 mutation.
. Owners of Stud Dogs should check that Brood Bitches brought to them have been DNA tested or
  are the product of two DNA tested Clear or DNA ‘hereditarily' Clear parents.
  Owners of Brood Bitches should check that the Stud Dog they intend to use has been DNA tested
  or is the product of two DNA tested Clear or DNA ‘hereditarily' Clear parents.
. Stud Dog and Brood Bitch owners should disclose to each other if either has been DNA tested as
  a Carrier.
. A known Carrier should never be mated to another known Carrier.
. In cases where a Carrier is mated to a Clear, all resulting progeny should be DNA tested prior to
  being re-homed.
. New owners should be informed of the genetic status of their dog.

3. ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR ESS BREEDERS USING CLINICAL & DNA TESTS FOR

  INHERITED EYE DISEASES

Currently, PRA Cord1 mutation is the only eye disease affecting English Springer Spaniels for which there is a DNA test available. Other forms of PRA that may also exist in the Breed, and which are caused by a different genetic mutation, have yet to be genetically identified.

It therefore remains the case that clinical eye examination should continue to be used to identify dogs clinically affected by any form of PRA, as well as other eye diseases. Breeders should, in addition, use the available DNA test to determine the genetic status of their dog(s) for the Cord1 mutation.

Breeders should be extremely careful and responsible when deciding whether or not to use known Cord1 carriers (i.e. those dogs that are known to have produced affected progeny, or are the sons or daughters of an affected parent, or have been genetically identified as carriers for the Cord1 mutation).
The clinicians advise us not to breed from such animals, and that is preferred. However, should breeders choose to place temperament, type and ability foremost, we are seeking to offer them guidelines on best practice.

Some breeders may choose not to use known carriers or the sons and daughters of known carriers. Others may feel it would be a serious loss to the breed if such dogs were totally excluded from their breeding programmes. They will be free to make such a decision, but all breeders must be seen to take responsibility for their own actions. Should they decide to go ahead, they should ensure that:

· Any dog/bitch mated to that carrier should carry an up to date, clinically clear Eye Certificate
  (valid at the time of mating). ***

· Stud Dogs should continue to be screened until they are no longer used, or until at least the age
  of 8 years, whichever is the later.

· Brood Bitches should continue to be screened until at least 8 years of age (after which time
  progeny are no longer permitted to be registered with the Kennel Club).

· They are certain that the mating does not take place with another known carrier.

·Pedigrees are evaluated carefully to lessen the risk of doubling up on a carrier and potentially
 causing a situation that could produce affected dogs. (This might mean checking back further than
 3 generations - possibly 5).

· Stud Dog owners should disclose to owners of bitches who wish to use their dog that the dog is a
  known carrier (by virtue of it being out of an affected parent or having itself sired affected
  offspring, or by virtue of it having been genetically identified as a carrier for the Cord1 mutation),
  even though the Stud Dog may himself have a current clinically clear eye certificate.

· Owners of Brood Bitches should disclose to owners of Stud Dogs whether she is a known carrier
  (by virtue of her being out of an affected parent or having herself produced affected offspring, or
  by virtue of her having been genetically identified as a carrier for the Cord1 mutation) even
  though the Brood Bitch may herself have a current clinically clear eye certificate.

*** Whether or not a known Cord1 carrier is being used, breeders are strongly advised that all dogs/bitches being used for breeding should carry up to date clear eye certificates, valid at the time of mating (i.e. they have been passed clinically clear through a standard periodic eye test no more than one year prior to the mating taking place). Gonioscopy certificates (for Goniodysgenesis/Primary Glaucoma) are valid at any time, as this is a one-off test for each dog.